Why Is There Oil on My Spark Plugs & How Do I Fix the Problem
You’re sitting in your car, ready to go to work and it just won’t start. So, you pop the hood, and what do you see — oil on your spark plugs. What now?
Before you start throwing money at your mechanic, consider this. What if you learned how to clean and fix the spark plugs all by yourself? If you learn how to do it yourself, you’ll save a lot of time and money in the future.
If you want to see how to fix this problem yourself and stop it from ever happening again — you’ve come to the right place.
Before I start going into the specifics, first let me tell you it’s probably nothing too bad. If you want to fix the problem yourself, which I encourage you to do, you need to find out why this is happening. I’m about to show you the five most common reasons why you’re seeing oil on your spark plugs and what it takes to fix it.
1. Leaking Valve Cover Gasket
Obviously, we’re first going to talk about the most common reason why you could be seeing oil on your spark plugs. In case you didn’t know, a valve cover is a metal part which is located at the top of the engine. It helps seal the engine and prevents oil leaks.
Since they’re usually made out of rubber or silicone, they can wear out due to heat, age or oil erosion. Once that happens, they can leak out into spark plug wells. While this isn’t always a costly repair, you do need to react fast if you want to avoid an engine overhaul.
2. Leaking O-Ring Seal
You’ll find O-ring seals at the bottom of the spark plug well. If you have a defective O-ring seal, it will let the oil pass through the valve and end up on your spark plug. A leaking O-ring will cause your engine to backfire.
Replacing a leaking O-ring seal is similar to replacing a valve cover. It won’t cost you much, but you should do it as soon as possible to avoid permanently damaging your engine.
3. Worn Out Valve Guides
Valve guides regulate the air intake in your engine. The intake and exhaust valves are timed to slide up and down. In essence, they allow the air to enter the combustion chamber and exit through the tailpipe.
If your valve guides stop working, oil can enter the combustion chamber and cause serious damage to your engine. So, if you see blue smoke coming out of your tailpipe, you should replace your valve guides immediately.
4. Broken Piston
If the piston gets too hot, it might crack or break. The three most common symptoms of a failing piston are:
- Rattling noise when your car is running
- Excessive oil burning combined with a loss of engine power
- Engine misfiring
A broken piston can cause the oil to seep into your combustion chamber. Again, if you have a broken piston, you need to get it fixed as soon as possible to avoid an engine overhaul. Not only can a broken piston permanently damage your car, but the more you wait, the more expensive the repair will be.
5. Broken Piston Compression Rings
Next, let’s talk about broken piston compression rings. Each piston has a set of two rings that surround it. The combustion rings seal off the combustion chamber and stop the oil from seeping into it. Not only that, but they also help scrape off or “wash” any oil that has built up on the sides of your combustion chamber.
If one, or both of these rings fail for some reason, you will most likely see oil on your spark plugs. Moreover, if there’s a gas smell coming from your tailpipe, you should consider changing your compression rings.
What Are Spark Plugs?
Before you can learn how to fix or change your spark plugs, you first need to know what they are and how they work.
A spark plug is a device that fits into your engine’s cylinder head. This seemingly simple device does a lot more than it’s credited for. Spark plugs work by creating an artificial bolt of lightning in the combustion chamber of your engine.
That bolt or spark ignites the mixture of air and fuel inside the combustion chamber. Also, spark plugs transfer heat away from the combustion chamber.
How Do Spark Plugs Work?
First, the piston travels down the cylinder, drawing in a mixture of air and fuel. Then, it goes back up toward the spark plugs and compresses that mixture.
Once the piston is at its full reach on top of the cylinder, the spark plug ignites the air and fuel mixture. Finally, the piston is forced back down and creates the power your car needs to start.
Types of Spark Plugs
There are two main types of spark plugs you need to know about before you can start fixing them. Let’s see what some of their benefits and disadvantages are.
Standard Spark Plugs
The standard spark plugs are usually made out of copper and have a nickel-alloy coating for the electrode. Keep in mind that only the inside part of the spark plug is made out of copper. The reason they only have copper on the inside is that the high-temperatures inside of the engine would melt the spark plugs.
In most cases, the standard plugs are cheaper compared to the premium ones but have a much shorter life span.
Premium Spark Plugs
Premium spark plugs have an alloy made out of precious metals, such as platinum or iridium, instead of nickel. While they are more durable and have a much higher melting point compared to the standard ones, they are also more expensive.
Most luxury and sports cars nowadays use premium spark plugs. If you need to replace your spark plugs and your car came with platinum ones, I wouldn’t recommend switching out for standard ones.
Five Telltale Signs You Have Oil on Your Spark Plugs
Let’s talk about the five most common symptoms you may encounter if you have oil on your spark plugs.
1. A Gas Smell Coming from the Exhaust Pipe
When you smell a combination of oil and gasoline coming from your tailpipe, you should check your spark plugs. Also, this is a sign that you should check your piston compression rings, as that’s what’s most likely causing the problem.
If your spark plugs aren’t working the way they should be, neither will the combustion chamber. The fuel particles will enter your exhaust pipe with a high-energy charge, causing a backfire.
3. Blue Smoke Coming from the Tailpipe
If there’s blue smoke coming from your tailpipe, you need to see a mechanic as soon as possible. Blue smoke usually means your engine is in critical condition and you need to replace your valve guides.
4. Poor Engine Performance
5. Poor Fuel Economy
Along with a slow-working engine, you’ll also have a higher fuel consumption because your combustion is less efficient.
6. Slow Acceleration
Do you have to put your pedal to the floor to get some speed? A new spark plug could probably help you remedy this problem.
7. Trouble Starting Your Car
Not being able to start your car can mean a lot of different things have gone wrong, not only your spark plugs. However, if you want to diagnose the problem yourself, you can save some money and time by buying a good car monitoring system.
Diagnosing the Problem
If you want to make sure that oil on your spark plugs is what’s causing the problem, and not something else — you need to learn how to make a diagnosis.
1. Visual Inspection
Check to see if there is any oil coming from the valve cover gaskets. If you see any oil, the valve cover needs to be replaced immediately.
Also, you should check the exterior condition of the spark plugs. In case you see any oil on the coil-over-plug, spark plug wires or the ceramic coating, you need to replace your O-ring seals.
2. Engine Tests
There are two engine tests you can do to rule out the valve gasket or O-ring as the culprits of your problem. You can perform the engine compression and the engine differential pressure test. While the latter is much more precise compared to the former, it’s also much harder to do.
If you want to learn how to do an engine compression test, you can follow this link. However, if you have the knowledge and the equipment to do a pressure test, and just need a reminder, watch video below to see how it’s done.
How to Remove Oil from Spark Plugs
Now, let’s get down to the nitty-gritty. I’m going to show you how to remove the oil on your spark plugs. Before you start, you’ll need to gather all of these items:
- Power handle
- Engine sealer
- Valve cover gasket
- O-ring spark plug tube seal
- Spark plug socket
- Spray cleaner for oil
- Ratchet and extension
1. Disconnect the Battery
In order to replace the gasket valve and the O-ring, you first need to disconnect the battery. Also, if the wiring harness is in the way, you need to remove that as well.
2. Unscrew the Valve Gasket Cover
Once you’ve disconnected the battery, you should unscrew the valve cover. You can use a screwdriver to pry it open. Next, remove the spark plugs and tubes. By doing so, you will be exposing all of the seals and gaskets that need to be replaced.
Valve gaskets and O-rings are pretty inexpensive, and you can find them in online stores like Amazon. Also, before putting in the new gasket, you should apply some sealant. By applying a sealant, you’ll ensure that the gasket doesn’t leak anymore.
3. Replace the Old with the New
Now that you’ve taken out all of the old, defective parts, you need to install the new ones and secure the screws in place. If you’ve never done anything like this before, watch the video that is linked below.
Of course, if you aren’t confident in your skills as a mechanic, you can always go to a professional. They will replace your valve gasket and properly seal in everything.
How to Ensure You Never Get Oil on Your Spark Plugs Again
Keep in mind that valve gasket covers or O-ring seals weren’t made to last forever. Over time, they will wear out and you will have to replace them at some point. With that being said, the more you take care of your car now, the less often you’ll have to worry about this problem happening again.
Also, if this is the first time you found oil on your spark plugs, you might want to go to professional. However, don’t just leave your car there and go for a coffee somewhere while the mechanic does all the work. Ask the mechanic if you can stay there, watch what they do, and ask questions. By seeing how it’s done, you can learn how to do it yourself.
Of course, if the mechanic says no, you can always resort to watching YouTube tutorials online. What’s more, once you learn how to do it yourself, you’ll save so much time and money. The final advice I have to give you is to try and learn more about your car. By taking preventive measures, you’ll be able to avoid getting oil on your spark plugs again.
Here we are — at the end of our journey. Now you know why there’s oil on your spark plugs. Not only that, but you also know how to fix it yourself.
Keep in mind that just because you found some oil your spark plugs doesn’t mean you’ll have to overhaul your entire engine. It just means you’ll have to be more careful in the future and pop your hood more often to check for the signs.
As soon as you see oil on your spark plugs, perform the tests and see what’s causing the problem. Once you’ve figured that out, take immediate action and fix everything that’s broken. The good news is that fixing the problem won’t cost you that much, especially once you figure out how to do it by yourself.