Car accidents are sometimes unavoidable, even if you are the most careful driver in the world. Your car could bump into another vehicle, or it might be the other way around. You could scrape against the garage door as you drive out, or your car might graze against a fence or lamp post. As a result, your car will get scratched, and some paint from these things will get transferred to the car surface. Such paint transfer areas are also known as scuff marks.
Your car’s body sheet metal has four protective layers. The bottom layer is the primer which protects the metal body from corrosion. The base coat layer is the pigmented paint which gives the car its color. The next layer is a thick clear coat of a transparent paint that protects the color underneath it. The last layer is that of wax, and you can reapply it a few times annually to keep your car shiny and well-protected from the elements.
Most paint transfers cut into the wax layer and affect just the clear coating. Consequently, the paint transfer is easy to remove. If the paint transfer goes any deeper, it may be necessary to repaint the car.
Removing Paint Transfer
Let’s look at the things you will need for removing the paint transfer from your car.
Cleaning Products for Washing the Car
To decide which cleaning method and cleaning products will work best for you, examine the damage and the overall car surface condition.
If possible, get specially formulated soaps meant for cleaning cars. For car surfaces that have hard layers of grime, you will have to use a pressure washer. To remove microscopic contaminants from the car surface, you can get good results with a clay bar and the lubricant that comes with it. Claying the car surface also ensures that you will be able to wax it effectively later.
In the case of water-scarcity in your area, go for a waterless car wash. Just spray it on your car’s surface and then wipe it off with a microfiber cloth.
Cloth for Washing and Drying the Car
Sponges and cleaning cloths made of microfiber, wool, and 100% cotton do a stellar job in washing cars. Microfiber cloth is a popular choice as it is soft and quick to absorb water. For more effective car surface cleaning, you can use a car wash mitt like the X3002 Microfiber Mitt by Meguiar. When buying car wash mitts, make sure you get ones that are the right size for your hands. Also, look for the easy-to-grip small fibered ones as they give a better result than the larger dreadlock fibered ones.
Microfiber cloths of the waffle weave and woolly mammoth varieties are well-suited for mopping the car surface. The RAG Company’s Dry Me A River Jr., for instance, can mop up water efficiently without leaving streaks. You can also clean car surfaces reasonably well with chamois and many other materials.
Applicator Pads for Applying Removal Solutions, Polishes, and Waxes
An applicator pad is a small, rounded pad used for evenly applying various liquid and paste products. You can use it to apply scratch repair solutions, polishes, waxes, and some types of coatings. You may find applicator pads more convenient to hold and use than cloths. Furthermore, they don’t scratch or abrade the car’s surface. They will cleanly swipe off any residue left over after using the removal solutions.
These pads are available in many different materials, but the ones made of foam or microfiber foam are the most effective. The density of the pores in the foam is a measure of the foam applicator pad’s effectiveness. In general, most applicator pads have 90 pores per inch. The higher the number of pores, the smaller their size, and vice versa.
If the pores are too small, the applicator pad will not absorb the product that you want to apply. On the other hand, if the pores are too large, the pad will absorb more of the product. This excessive absorption can waste the product.
Foam applicator pads work well for applying scratch removal solutions, and microfiber pads are more suitable for polishing and waxing. Some of the best available applicator pads in the market are Meguiar’s X3070 Soft Foam, microfiber ones from Viking, and various types from the Chemical Guys brand.
Scratch Remover Products
These are useful for the easy removal of minor scrapes and scratches from the car surface. While there is a variety of car scratch removal products on the market, you should consider the following before making your purchase:
- Will the product cover the scratches only temporarily or will it permanently remove them?
- Can you apply the product by hand, or will you require an application machine?
- Does the product contain an abrasive, or will you need to use sandpaper or rubbing compound paste before applying it?
- Does the product include waxing and polishing agents, or will you have to get them separately?
You can also get a scratch removal kit that conveniently includes the repair compound, finishing polish, sandpaper, and microfiber pads.
Different manufacturers provide different solutions, so research online to find the ones that will best suit your car. Some of the popular scratch removal products in the market are 00070-US Paint Scratch Remover Kit from Quixx and T-234KT Kit from Turtle Wax. ScratchX 2.0 by Meguiar is perfect for completely removing paint transfers. It may not, however, work as well for deeper scratches and abrasions.
For large paint transfers and deeper scratches, you can use rubbing compounds which are far more abrasive than scratch removers. These formulas work fast in removing paint transfers and smoothing out all scratches from the car surface. While you can apply some of them by hand, the majority require an electric machine for application. Once you have smoothed out the scratches by hand or with the help of a machine, you can polish and wax the car surface.
Sand marking grits measure the strength of a rubbing compound. This strength ranges between 1000 and 3000 grit. The highest strength product currently is the 3M 39060 Perfect-It with 1200 grit. G17216 Ultimate Compound by Meguiar is also very good — not just for removing paint transfers, but also for the general cleaning of your car.
Furthermore, you can use rubbing compounds to remove water spots, oxidation marks, and other surface defects in your car.
Specially formulated resins and oils in car polishes can intensify your car’s color. Also, the abrasives in them will pare and refine any remaining scratch edges. There are various polishes in the market with different levels of abrasiveness to suit your needs.
Before you apply the polish, you should check if you can use the polish in direct sunlight or if a shady area is essential for the polishing work. Another factor to consider is the amount of residue that will be left over after you finish polishing.
Different brands have different polish usage methods, so make sure you always read the instructions before you begin. Mirror Glaze Ultra Finishing Polish by Meguiar is one of the best car polishes currently available in the market.
Wax for Protecting the Car’s Paint Job
Wax does not dissolve in water, so wax coatings are used as sealants on a car surface to protect the paint job. You will find wax very easy to apply, and, furthermore, it gives your car a natural looking finish. When purchasing wax, look for beeswax or carnauba wax. They are better and safer to use than petroleum sourced waxes. Some of the best waxes are Turtle Wax’s Carnauba Cleaner Wax Paste and Butter Wet Wax by Chemical Guys.
You can also use paint sealants and ceramic coatings instead of wax. These, however, require some time to cure and are not as long lasting as wax.
The Paint Transfer Removal Process
Depending on the type of paint transfer and scratch removal products you select, you can complete the paint transfer removal process in the following steps:
Step 1: Wash the Affected Area
First of all, locate the paint transfer area and wash it thoroughly with water to remove any dust, dirt, and loose paint particles. If you let these remain, they could cause microscopic scratches in the paint job. After washing the car surface, you should dry it carefully with a microfiber cloth and check again that the affected area is clean.
Step 2: Remove the Scratches
To remove the transferred paint, you should scrub lightly over the affected area with the grit sandpaper. Next, to smooth the area, make use of separate applicator pads to rub in the scratch repair solution and the finishing polish.
Sometimes the scratch remover is not enough to repair the scratches. In that case, you may have to use a rubbing compound to remove the paint transfer. You can apply it with an applicator pad.
Step 3: Polish the Car’s Surface
After adding a small amount of polish on a clean microfiber applicator pad, you can apply it over the cleaned paint transfer area in an overlapping circular motion. Continue to polish until the color looks even. Then, you should carefully wipe off the excess polish with another applicator pad.
Step 4: Apply the Wax
The next step after drying the paint transfer area is waxing it. For this, take a little wax on a clean applicator pad and spread it over the surface. Keep gently rubbing the wax over the area until the car surface looks shiny. After you finish, remove the waxy residue.
Now that you have removed all traces of paint transfer and scratches, your car will probably look as good as it did before the accident.
Using Toothpaste for Paint Transfer Removal
A toothpaste — look for one with a whitening agent — can work quite well for removing paint transfers and repairing light scratches. Take a small amount of toothpaste on a moist cloth and rub it over the affected area in a circular motion until the paint transfer and scratches disappear. Finally, wipe the surface with a clean cloth to remove the toothpaste residue.
This technique works because toothpaste has a gritty texture. It contains minuscule abrasives — similar to car polishes — that work like soft sandpaper to remove thin layers of transfer paint and to also wear away the scratch edges. Furthermore, the toothpaste fills the scratches and polishes the car’s surface to a shiny finish.
Removing paint transfer, as you’ve read here, is a simple and straightforward process. So, if you bump or scrape your car on anything, there’s no need to panic. It’s not going to be hugely problematic to remove the resulting unsightly marks. What’s more, it’s something you can easily do on your own.